India is set to witness its first solar eclipse of this year on June 21.  When sun, moon and earth form an almost straight line with moon in between, we observe a solar eclipse.  Thus, during its course, the moon blocks sun rays from directly reaching the Earth.

The upcoming eclipse on Sunday will be an annular solar eclipse. The moon will cover the sun from the center, leaving visible only its outer rim, thereby creating a ring of fire in the sky. This ring of fire is formed as the relative size of the moon isn’t big enough to completely cover the sun and is quite far away from the planet.

The solar eclipse will be observed in Asia, Africa, parts of Australia and Europe, the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean. As per the Indian Standard Timing (IST), the event will begin at 9:15 am while the full eclipse will start at 10:17 pm. The maximum eclipse will occur at 12:10 am at midnight. The full eclipse will end at 2:02 pm on Monday, June 22 while the overall eclipse will end later at 3:04 pm.

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The next solar eclipse of the year will reportedly occur on December 14, 2020. Unlike the annular June eclipse, it will be a total solar eclipse. It implies that the Moon will completely block the sun and will cast a shadow over earth.

The December eclipse will be witnessed in South America, Antarctica, Africa, Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, and in parts of Indian Ocean. It will start at 7:03 pm IST on December 14 and end at 11:24 pm. Subsequently, it would be followed by a partial eclipse which will end at 12:23 am on December 15.