While politics is often confusing, it is our duty, as the citizens of this country, to stand up for issues that matter. Abraham Lincoln’s idea of Democracy, “Democracy is the government of the people, by the people and for the people” is taught and embedded in us since childhood and can truly be translated to truth by voting. As an Indian citizen, we all have the right to vote, a sense of empowerment and the idea of “ownership of the government” is handed upon us, but it is a sad truth that most of us don’t use our constitutional right to its fullest. It is even hard to believe that most of the voters’ don’t know how to register to vote in India.
With over 900 million voters’ eligible to cast their votes, it is imperative for us to fight for issues like poverty, education, clean drinking water, improved civic and social infrastructure, and so much more. So, if you have decided to vote, here is a simple guide that will help you with how to register vote in India.
Who is eligible to vote in India?
The Constitution of India grants every citizen, irrespective of their caste, colour, creed or race to vote under the Citizenship Act along with granting them protection under the 15th Amendment. As per the Election commission of India, every citizen can become voter under the following conditions:
- Every citizen above 18 years of age has the right to vote unless disqualified to be enrolled as an elector.
- To be eligible to register a vote in India, the voter must be a resident of the part/polling area of the constituency
- Overseas Indian is also eligible to vote as they are considered to be ordinarily resident at the address given in passport.
- Service voters, including members of the armed forces, armed police forces, and also government employees, are also eligible to register vote in India.
Once you have fulfilled the aforementioned criteria, you will own the right to vote for the following elections held in India:
- National-level elections
- Local government body elections
- State-level elections
- District-level elections
Once you are granted the right to register vote in India, you will have to adhere to the voting rules. These are:
- You can cast only one vote.
- It is necessary to have Voter ID or EPIC card or photo identity election card to register vote in India.
- Voting right allows you to register vote at your registered constituency. This means that, as a voter, you will have to register yourself in a particular constituency, which should be the place where you live.
What documents are required to register to vote?
Once a citizen is eligible to vote and has enrolled, a voter slip from the ECI will be issued that confirms the name on the voter list. This slip, along with a stipulated photo ID proof, can act as a voter card, in case one does not have a voter ID card.
Here is the list of documents required to register Vote in India. It is necessary to have one of the following documents in order to be able to cast your vote.
- Aadhaar card
- PAN card
- Passbook with photograph issued by a state bank or post office
- Driving license
- Official identity cards issued to MPs/MLAs/MLCs, etc.
- Service identity cards with photograph issued to employees by central/state govt./PSU/public limited
- Smart card issued by RGI under NPR
- MNREGA job card
- Health Insurance smart card issued under the scheme of Ministry of Labour
- Pension document with photograph
As per the rules enunciated by The Election Commission of India, voter identification is compulsory at the time of polls this means that you will only be allowed to register vote in India after showing the allotted Voter ID Card issued by the ECI. You can also submit any other documentary proof approved by the ECI to cast your vote.
Remember, having a valid Voter ID card is not a solid proof that you will definitely be allowed to vote. It is equally important for your name to appear on the electoral rolls. If you name is there, then the next step for you will be to show any of the identification document mentioned above.
Registration process to vote in India
The registration process to vote in India is available both online and offline as well. ECI offers online voter registration for Indian nationals who are 18 years of age as on 1st of January of the year of revision of electoral roll. If you meet the above criteria, you can then enroll yourself as General Voter and fill Form 6 online available on National Voters’ Service Portal. To be able to register your Voter ID online, you will be required to fill Form 6. This form is also applicable for ‘First time voters’ and ‘voters who have shifted to another constituency’
It is important for you to read the application correctly and fil it on time. It is equally important to check the status once the registration process to vote in India is completed.
Documents required for registration process to vote in India:
- Age proof (birth certificate, mark sheet of class 10th, PAN Card)
- Scanned photograph
- Address proof
Simple steps to follow for online registration
- Visit the National Voter’s Service Portal (http://www.nvsp.in/)
- Click on “Apply online for registration of new voter
- Fill in Form 6 carefully by choosing the preferred language
Once your form has been duly filled and submitted, it will then appear on the notice board of Electoral Registration Officer (ERO). In case any one wishes to raise objections, they will be allotted a period of one week. Once over, you will receive a notification via SMS on your registered mobile number
In case you are planning to apply offline for registration of voter ID, then you will have to visit the Electoral Registration Officer or Assistant Electoral Registration Officer of your constituency and request for the requisite form. You can also download the form from Election Commission website.
Once you have Form 6 in hand, fill it carefully and attach the same documents as mentioned in the online registration process. Once the process is complete, submit the form to Electoral Registration Officer or Assistant Electoral Registration Officer of your constituency.
The same process, which is mentioned in the online registration process, will be followed. Once that is complete, you will be notified of the outcome.
All You Need To Know About Form 6
Form 6 is an application for inclusion of name in Electoral Roll. The application can be filed after draft publication of Electoral Roll of the Constituency. It is important to fill the application with the specified days as accorded for the purpose. Here are some other pointers that you need to keep in mind when filling Form 6:
Each individual can only fill one copy of the application
- You can file the Application for inclusion of Name at any given month of the year. You can also file when the revision process is on halt. But remember to file the application only in duplicate during the non-revision programme.
- You can file the voter application at
- Designated locations where the draft Electoral Roll is displayed (mostly polling station locations)
- Electoral Registration Officer
- Assistant Electoral Registration Officer of the Constituency
- During the non-revision programme, you can only file your voter application with the Electoral Registration Officer.
How to Check Voter Registration Status
When you submit Form 6, you are allocated an application number that allows you to track voter registration status. You can check the status on https://www.nvsp.in/forms/trackstatus. The status of your voter ID will be displayed on the screen. We hope this information will help you solve your question regarding how to register vote in India.
Let’s pledge to stand united for this country and cast our vote for the betterment of this nation. Do write to us if you need help or assistance with any